Cognitive compensation is a process by which an individual’s cognitive difficulties are compensated for by areas of preserved cognition or ability. For example, a person who has poor visual memory but intact verbal memory may compensate for their weakness by using verbal mnemonics to code visual information. Compensation represents the best practice approach to treating memory disorders. Some common memory compensatory approaches include using a diary, whiteboard or telephone reminders.
Neuropsychological treatment can help patients and families comprehend the intricate consequences of brain injury, build up compensation strategies, manage the emotional and behavioural changes, and help restructure a positive outlook. Often, the neuropsychologist will work along with a medical doctor in providing a correct mix of psychological and remedial treatments.